The U.S. counterterrorism framework impedes the work of legitimate nonprofit organizations (NPOs) in two ways: first, it prohibits anyone from engaging in a wide range of broadly defined activities that involve listed terrorist organizations, regardless of the purpose or intent behind such engagement. Violating “material support” laws can result in criminal prosecution, extensive jail time, and fines.

Second, it allows the government to list U.S. charities as supporters of designated terrorist organizations and thereby seize their assets, including their donations, without the benefit of basic due process rights such as notification or adequate opportunity to challenge the listing. 

Read more about this issue in our Background section. 

Featured Resources

Aid Experts Discuss Challenges Working in Conflict Zones with Terrorist Groups
USAID Revises Grantee Documents Relating to Anti-Terrorism Requirements
Webinar Recording: Ten Years After the Humanitarian Law Project Decision – Fixing the Damage
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