Natural Hazards: Climate change is a major concern in Somalia. Drought and flooding are two common factors that drive humanitarian need in the country. Between October 2021 and February 2022, roughly 572,700 people were displaced by drought in Somalia, and 13,700 people were affected by a flood in May 2021.
Food Security and Nutrition: At the end of 2021, 7.2 million Somalis were experiencing acute food insecurity, 3.5 million of whom were in urgent need of food assistance. In 2022, an estimated 1.4 million children under 5 will suffer from acute malnutrition, including 329,500 children who will suffer from severe acute malnutrition (SAM).
Disease and Healthcare: An estimated 6.56 million Somalis will require lifesaving healthcare in 2022. The average life expectancy in Somalia is 51.5 years, a number driven largely by conflict, malnutrition, and diseases including COVID-19, cholera, measles, and malaria.
Ongoing Hostilities: Conflict between the Somali government, regional authorities, opposition forces and armed groups continue to exacerbate humanitarian conditions and kill civilians, as all parties to the conflict continue to carry out indiscriminate attacks in violation of international law. The U.S. has also been conducting counterterrorism operations in Somalia for over 15 years. Air Wars, a nonprofit that monitors civilian casualties in armed conflicts, estimates that U.S. military operations in Somalia since 2007 have killed between 68 – 143 civilians.
Displacement: Somalia is home to 2.9 million internally displaced persons (IDPs), 2.2 million of whom are in need of humanitarian assistance.
Gender-based violence (GBV): Women, children, and other marginalized groups are at particular risk of exploitation and abuse, such as gender-based violence, sexual violence, and child recruitment.