The Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) has released a risk management toolkit to address the challenges and risks associated with counterterrorism measures and their impact on principled humanitarian action. Intended as a reference tool for policy- and decision-makers, it draws on ideas, methods and procedures being used by a number of national and international NGOs and UN agencies in global hot spots.
Because humanitarian needs are often greatest in terrorist-controlled areas, humanitarian actors must be careful of both the criminal and contractual risks presented by counterterrorism measures. The toolkit looks at a variety of approaches including codes of conduct, due diligence, human resource and anti-diversion policies as well as monitoring and evaluation procedures.
The first part of the toolkit summarizes the counterterrorism policy environment and includes an overview of the relationship between counterterrorism measures and IHL, UN Security Council (UNSC) resolutions related to counterterrorism and a sample of counterterrorism laws introduced by some member states. The second part outlines donor counterterrorism clauses and discusses specifics of these that should be examined closely by humanitarian organizations. The third part of the toolkit looks at risk management and mitigation. Finally, the last section outlines ideas and methods for a risk management framework based on the methods, tools and procedures used by various humanitarian organizations. It also covers enterprise risk management (ERM) and monitoring and evaluation (M&E).
The toolkit is available here.