Food Security and Nutrition: 5.1 million people face food insecurity, 1.7 million of whom suffer from severe food insecurity.
Displacement: Roughly 402,000 Chadians are internally displaced. In addition, Chad hosts 520,000 refugees mainly from Sudan, the Central African Republic (CAR), and Nigeria.
Natural Hazards: A five-year high in rainfall in 2021 caused floods that impacted over 255,000 people, while other parts of the country experienced low rainfall that could impact food security in 2022. Lake Chad, once one of Africa’s largest freshwater bodies and a source of livelihood for about 30 million, has diminished by 90% since the 1960s due to the effects of climate change and overuse.
Disease and Healthcare: The health system remains weak exposing the country to epidemics and diseases. In 2021, Chad had over over 907,000 confirmed cases of Malaria, and over 5,000 cases of COVID-19.